WALKING TOURS IN PALMA
The Modernism also called Art Nouveau, Jugendstil, Modern Style, Floreale or Sezessionstil came up in Europe at the end of the 19th Century.
This new architectonical style is defined by the freedom in creation which one allows the use of the fantasy on the façades, undulating shapes, vegetal motifs and animals.
This is an urban architecture and the main buildings are flats commissioned by the new bourgeoisie who have been enriched by trade and industry. Those new buildings were designed so that the whole family lived there and on the ground floor was always the family business (shops, small industries or workshops) pup
Guided Tour Modernism
Antoni Gaudi, the main architect of the Modernism in Spain, worked in Palma for 10 years (1904-1914), his intervention can be contemplated inside the Cathedral of Mallorca.
SOME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MODERNISM BUILDINGS IN PALMA:
Gran Hotel (1901-1903): the authors of this amazing building were Lluis Domènech I Montaner and Jaume Alenyà. The Gran Hotel was the pioneer in this kind of architecture in Mallorca and pioneer in the luxury hotel industry on the island. Over time, it has been as a luxury hotel, powder keg during the Spanish Civil War, Social Security building and nowadays is a cultural centre. The façade is an exact copy from the original which one was destroyed during the ‘40s, the new one was made by Pere Nicolau and Jaume Martinez in 1993.
Can Casasayas and Pensión Menorquina (1908-1910 and 1909-1911): the architect was Francesc Roca i Simó and they were finished by Guillem Reynés. Both of them were built as residences with a shop or store on the ground floor; the family lived on the first floor and the rest of them were rented. During the ‘40s the building on the right side became Pensión Menorquina. The façades are notable the influence of Casa Batlló by Gaudi in Barcelona thanks to the undulating shapes and the parabolic arches.
Can Forteza Rey (1909): This modernism building was built by Josep and Lluis Forteza Rey. Here, you can contemplate the Art Nouveau and the Gaudi influences (Casa Batlló and Parc Güell features). It was a single-family house: the ground floor was a pharmacy, the mezzanine floors were the Josep Forteza’s home; the first floor the Ignacio Forteza’s dental clinic and the rest of the floors the residence of the family.
L’Àguila (1908): Shopping centre built by Gaspar Bennàzar and Jaume Alenyà under the influence of the Sezessionstil. It is one of the best examples of iron and crystal constructions. The façade looks like a crystal box inspired by the Karlplatz underground station in Vienna.
Other Modernism buildings in Palma: Forn des Teatre, Forn Fondo, Casa Roca, Casa de les Mitges y Merceria Colon.
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